Two Australian Government departments play important roles in flood management.
- The Department of Environment and Energy - Bureau of Meteorology (weather, rainfall and flood warning predictions).
- Attorney-General's Department - Emergency Management Australia (EMA) (national standards and policies for emergency management and assistance to states and territories).
Below briefly outlines major roles of the Australian Government in flood management.
- EMA is home to the Australian Government Crisis Coordination Centre (CCC)—an all-hazards, 24/7 facility that provides whole-of-government situational awareness to inform national decision-making during a crisis
- EMA supporting the implementation of the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience through the Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience (AIDR), which is a disaster resilience knowledge centre, which coordinates and promotes the development, sharing and use of information for anyone working with, or affected by, disasters.
- Encourages the development of effective long-term strategies for sustainable management of the nation's floodplains.
- Supports the development of the State's capacity for dealing with emergencies and disasters, and provides physical assistance when the State cannot reasonably cope during an emergency.
- Seeks to encourage an "all agencies", "all hazards" approach to the prevention or mitigation of disasters, preparedness for their impact, response to that impact and recovery from the consequences.
- Takes the lead role in the provision of flood warning services through the Bureau of Meteorology (and relevant committees such as the Victorian Flood Warning Consultative Committee).
- Provides financial assistance under the Natural Disaster Resilience Program (NDRP) for flood studies and the development and implementation of floodplain management plans in accordance with national, state and regional catchment strategies.
- Provides financial support to the State Government for relief and recovery under the Natural Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements (NDRRA).